Notes must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and grouped together as endnotes following the text. In-text citations and footnotes at the bottom of the page are not permitted. The endnotes must be double-spaced in 12-point font, like the rest of the text. Endnotes should follow Chicago style modified by the guidelines below.

Any acknowledgments should be included in an Author's note above the first note in the final draft. (This information should not be included in the initial manuscript submission, since we follow a double-blind review process.)

Foreign titles in Roman alphabets (French, German, etc.) should be capitalized as they would be in that particular language. All titles in non-Roman alphabets (Arabic, Cyrillic, etc.) must be transliterated and should follow English-language capitalization standards. An English translation of nonstandard language titles may be provided in parentheses after the title, at the author's discretion.

Cities of publication should include the country or U.S. state, using the traditional U.S. postal abbreviation (e.g., "Calif." not "CA") except for very major cities.

Internet citations must include a full URL and should include an author, title, and publication date if these are available. If there is no publication date in the citation, an accessed date (any date on which the URL was valid) must be included in parenthesis. This rule applies even (indeed especially) to URLs that are no longer active.

Archival citations are the responsibility of the author but must be consistent across the endnotes for each archive cited. They should follow any style requirements specified by the archive itself and Chicago rules for all other style decisions. The first reference must include the full name of the archive, as well as the location if it is not obvious from the name. The full name may be followed by "(hereafter XXX)" and that abbreviation used in subsequent citations.

IJMES does not publish bibliographies.

Endnote Samples

1 Stanford J. Shaw, History of Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, 2 vols. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977); idem, Reform, Revolution and RepublicThe Rise of Modern Turkey 1808–1975, 2:3–6.

2 Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, 3rd ed. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987), 10.

3 Howard Crane, trans. and ed., Risale-i MiʿmaríyyeAn Early-Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture, Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture 1 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1987), 71.

4 Martin Rein and Donald Schon, "Frame-Reflective Policy Discourse," in Social Sciences and Modern States, ed. Peter Wagner, Carol Hirschon Weiss, Björn Wittrock, and Helmut Wollman (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 262–89.

5 Clifford Geertz, "Toutes Directions: Reading the Signs in an Urban Sprawl," International Journal of Middle East Studies 21 (1989): 291–306.

*When references to the same work follow without interruption, use ibid. When notes to the same work follow after interruption, use the author's last name and a shortened title of the book or article. Do not use op. cit.:

6 Shaw, History of Ottoman Empire, 2:6.

7 Ibid., 1:10–52.

8 Social Science Research Council, "Internationalization and Interdisciplinarity: An Evaluation of Title VI Middle East Studies Centers," Social Science Research Council, http://www.ssrc.org/programs/mena/survey of middle east studies/ (accessed 20 March 2007).

9 Otis Glazebrook to the U.S. State Department, "Increase in Cost of Living Caused by War," 3 November 1915, consular correspondence, American consulate in Jerusalem, record group 84, Vol. 72, National Archives at College Park, College Park, Md. (hereafter NACP).

10 Muhammad ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Maqrami, al-Tajammuʿ al-Yamani li-l-Islah: al-Ruʾya wa-l-Masar—Dirasa fi al-Mashʾa wa-l-Tatawwur (Sanaa, Yemen: Yemeni Reform Gathering, 1998).



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